Department of Justice
The Department of Justice is responsible for providing legal advice to the President and the Executive Branch, and the whole national government. The Department is responsible for the representation of the National Government in court, at administrative hearings, and in legal negotiations.
It has four (4) divisions which oversees the welfare and security of the nation. Under the Office of the Secretary, the Divisions of of Litigation and Law undertake prosecutions, legislative drafting and reviews, and promulgation of regulations, while the remaining divisions enforce the laws of the nation and its security.
FSM Department of Justice is the highest legal office of the executive branch of the FSM National Government mandated to enforce all national laws of the nation, including, but not limited to the following:
- Represent the FSM National Government in all legal matters;
- Prosecute violations of national laws;
- Draft bills, resolutions, other measures for the executive branch;
- Review and advice the President on bills passed by FSM Congress;
- Review and advise on all government contracts for legal sufficiency;
- Enforce all national laws including Immigration, labor, election laws and regulations;
- Furnish advice and opinions, formal and informal, on legal matters to the President and the Cabinet and to the heads of the executive departments, offices and agencies of the national government.
Department of Justice is divided into five (5) divisions, Division of Law, Litigation, Immigration & Labor, National Police and Registrar of Corporation. The functions and duties of the Division of Law include:
- Advising the President and other Executive Officials on interpretation and application of the national laws
- Issuing of legal opinion about questions of law submitted by the President, Members of Congress, Heads of FSM Department, Offices and Agencies
- Drafting of bills, resolutions, presidential proclamation, orders, agreements, contracts and other legal instrument for executive branch
- Review and advice the President on bills passed by Congress
- Review and advice on international agreements and treaties, including the Compact of Free Association
The functions and duties of the Division of Litigation include:
- Prosecute violation of national laws
- Represent the national government in civil, administrative, tax or any proceedings where the national government is a party